For the transactional theories to be effective and as a result have motivational value, the leader must find a means to align to adequately reward (or punish) his follower, for performing leader-assigned task. Transformational leaders motivate and inspire people by helping group members see the importance and higher good of the task. The famous examples of leaders who have used transactional technique include McCarthy and de Gaulle. Rules and regulations are flexible, guided by group norms. Amy Morin, LCSW, is the Editor-in-Chief of Verywell Mind. How Do Transformational Leaders Inspire and Motivate Followers? Contingency Theories – How Does The Situation Influence Good Leadership? The basis of Trait theory is the … In reaction to the trait leadership theory, the behavioural theories are offering a new perspective, one that focuses on the behaviours of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical or social characteristics. Like most things, leadership is a highly multi-faceted subject and it is a mixture of many factors that help determine why some people become great leaders. Transactional leadership involves motivating and directing followers primarily through appealing to their own self-interest. Traditional leadership theories include: (1) trait approaches, such as the ‘great man theory’, which emphasize the leader’s personal traits; (2) leadership style approaches, e.g., Ohio and Michigan state studies in the 1960s, which emphasizes leaders’ behavior; And, (3) consistent approaches, such as the ‘small-choice peer’ (LPC) theory, which acknowledges the importance of situational factors. According to this point of view, great leaders are simply born with the necessary internal characteristics such as charisma, confidence, intelligence, and social skills that make them natural-born leaders. Gill, R. (2011). It is generally accepted within the contingency theories that leader are more likely to express their leadership when they feel that their followers will be responsive. Return from Leadership Theories to Leadership-Central home page, The Philosophical Foundations of Leadership, The Managerial Grid Model / Leadership Grid, Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, Vroom-Yetton-Jago decision-making model of leadership, Transactional leadership Theories (1970's), Transformational Leadership Theories (1970s), Kouzes and Posner's Leadership Participation Inventory. What exactly makes a great leader? What is it that makes some people excel in leadership roles? An empirical study of leader ethical values, transformational and transactional leadership, and follower attitudes toward corporate social responsibility. See What the Research Says. The trait theory of leadership focused on analyzing mental, physical and social characteristic in order to gain more understanding of what is the characteristic or the combination of characteristics that are common among leaders. Hence, there as many theories on leadership as there are philosophers, researchers and professors that have studied and ultimately published their leadership theory. 2.1 Traditional leadership theories Gorton, Alston and Snowden (2007, p. 8) identified trait, behavioural and contingency as seminal research approaches relevant to educational administration. The behavioural theories first divided leaders in two categories. For the transactional theories to be effective and as a result have motivational value, the leader must find a means to align to adequately reward (or punish) his follower, for performing leader-assigned task. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Think about it. 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