The majority (87%) of Mizoram population are Christian in various denominations, predominantly Presbyterian. 15, No. 685-698, Grogan, P., Lalnunmawia, F., & Tripathi, S. K. (2012), Shifting cultivation in steeply sloped regions: a review of management options and research priorities for Mizoram state Northeast India, Agroforestry systems, 84(2), 163-177, Pawar, S. and Birand, A.  The crops suffered massive damage, with yields at 30 year lows; the crop yields recovered sharply to pre-mautam levels in 2009 after the mautam passed.  The "khuang" is made from wood and animal hide and are often beaten enough to instigate a trance-like state with worshipers as they dance in a circular fashion. The average height of the hills to the west of the state are about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). World Population > India Population Nagaland Population Nagaland is the north-eastern state in India, borders Manipur to the south, Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east. historical times and there are approximately one hundred monasteries (known as vihara in Pali) in Mizoram. List of all Blocks in Saiha District of Mizoram. This practice has reduced in recent decades, due to a government-supported initiative to support horticultural crops such as pineapple and banana plantations.. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities Based mainly on the tribal communities inhabiting this alluring state, referred to as the Mizos, the cultural boundary of Mizoram is â¦ These gradually rise up to 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to the east. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). Total population of Mizoram as per 2011 census is 1,097,206 of which male and female are 555,339 and 541,867 respectively. Four French-built Dassault Ouragan Fighter Jets (nicknamed Toofani) of the Indian Air Force and British hunters from Tezpur, Kumbhirgram and Jorhat in Assam were deployed to Aizawl (the heart of Mizoram) and other areas as a part of the operation, which continued until 13 March.  After Christian missionaries arrived with the gospel, the majority of the population became Christians in the first half of the 20th century. Citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals having their origin in these countries are required to get the pass through the Indian consulate or from the Ministry of Home Affairs in New Delhi, before they arrive in Mizoram. Over one third of the population of Mizoram lives in Aizawl district, which hosts the capital.. It is seen as a means for generate food for one's family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. After creation of the separate state of Mizoram, the region has benefited considerably from the creation of a Central University, High Court Bench and autonomous ruled Districts for Tribes.  Wild water buffalo, Sumatran rhinoceros, elephants and other mammals have been spotted in the past. , The literacy rate of Mizoram in 2011 was 91.33 per cent, higher than the national average 74.04 per cent, and second best among all the states of India. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). (2012), Z. Hlawndo, A STUDY OF THE CULTURAL FACTORS IN THE FOREIGN MISSIONS THINKING OF THE MIZORAM PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Ph.D. Thesis (Awarded), University of Birmingham (2011), James Dokhuma, "Tlawmngaihna" in Meichher, Vol XI, No. Instruction is mainly in English and Mizo. , Palak lake is the biggest in Mizoram and covers 30 hectares (74 acres). , The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. After India gained independence from the colonial rule, the region was granted autonomous status in 1952, where Mizo people formulated their own laws and delivered judicial decisions. The dispute only saw final resolution in 1986. The Mizoram Human Development Report, prepared by the Institute for Human Development (IHD), is a comprehensive document detailing the status of various discussions pertaining to human development such as healthcare, education, income, womenâs issues and other J.M. The diversity of tribal groups reflects the historical immigration patterns. , According to 2011 census, Mizoram had 1,036,115 people (95% of total) classified as Scheduled Tribe, the highest concentration of protected tribal people in all states of India.  Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations. 2001), pp. Sometime in the 16th century CE, the first batch of Mizo crossed Tiau river and settled in Mizoram and they were called as Kukis by Bengalis. The guitar is a popular instrument and Mizos enjoy country style music. Mizoram is also called a "peninsula state" as it is surrounded by international borders on three sides. izoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. Lack of transport infrastructure is one of the major drawbacks. It is one of the largest population counting exercises in the world. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of Indiaâs commercial bamboo. The Mizoram Post, an English-language daily newspaper published from Silchar (Assam) was the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, in 2007. A consequence of Hnatlang was the culture of Tlawmngaihna, which does not have a direct English translation. Some areas, however, have higher ranges which go up to a height of over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Their â¦  In recent years, the jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant horticulture and bamboo products industry. The note shows how the demographics of … Mizo, English and Hindi are the official languages of the state. In Mizoram, where Christians account for over 87% of the state’s population, Hmingtei has company. As a result of their campaign, the hereditary rights of the 259 chiefs were abolished under the Assam-Lushai District ("Acquisition of Chief's Rights") Act, 1954.  The term Kuki mean the inhabitants of the interior and inaccessible mountain tracts. , Originally village land, locally called ram, was the property of the tribal chief. It was believed that departed souls pass through this lake before making their way to Pialral or heaven. The missionaries propagated Christianity with the support of the British government. A district of Mizoram is headed by a Deputy Commissioner who is in charge of the administration in that particular district. , In 2008, the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules amended the ban of 1996 to allow the manufacture, export, sale, possession and consumption of wine in Mizoram made from grapes and guava which would help the economy of the state, reduce fruit waste from farms, and encourage large scale commercialisation. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. The tribal leaders in the northeast were unhappy with the final SRC recommendations and met in Aizawl in 1955 to form a new political party, Eastern India Tribal Union (EITU).  Elections have been held at 5 year intervals since then. Christian missionaries developed the Mizo script. Sajnani, Encyclopaedia of Tourism Resources in India, Volume 1. Christians have apresence of nearly 99 percent in all other tribes, excepting the â¦ The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) has published its latest note on the Religion Data Census of 2011. One such foundation cultural element of Mizo people was Hnatlang, states Hlawndo, which literally means social work, united labour or community labour (the word hna‘ means job or work in the Mizo language; and tlang‘ means together and mutual).  This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe.  By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. Mizoram State population in India Census 2011 is 1097206 and area is 21081 Square KM. Assam state was split, re-organised into multiple political regions, Mizo hills area was declared Mizoram after the insurgency, and it received status as a Union Territory in 1972. The Mizos were particularly dissatisfied with the government's inadequate response to the 1959–60 mautam famine. Rural poverty is significantly higher in Mizoram, with 35.4% below the poverty line compared to India's rural poverty average of 25.7; while in urban areas of Mizoram, 6.4% are below the poverty line.  Mizoram is one of three states of India with a Christian majority (87%). Traditions and Culture of Mizoram. 9. Sometimes grouped as Kuki-Chin tribes, The First batch were called Old Kukis which are the Biate and the Hrangkhol and the second batch that followed include Lushei (or Lusei), Paite, Lai, Mara, Ralte, Hmar, Thadou, Shendus, and several other. The state government has been implementing Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to encourage economic growth. Rulings could be appealed to courts staffed with British officials. The state had 22 other colleges, and the total college enrolment was approximately 10,600 students in 2012. The Mizoram Liquor Prohibition and Control bill of 2014 was repealed on 20 March 2019 with the Mizoram Liquor Prohibition Bill 2019, it was a legislation promised by the Mizo National Front.  About 20% of Mizoram's population lives below poverty line, with 35% rural poverty as of 2014. There are 25 letters in the alphabet: A, AW, B, CH, D, E, F, G, NG, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, Ṭ (with a dot under), U, V, Z. Jhum Cultivation: Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. Around 0.07 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.09 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. Today the lake is an important tourist attraction and a holiday resort. Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. Saiha district of Mizoram has total population of 56574 as per the Census 2011. However, they additionally have to register themselves with state police within 24 hours of arrival, a formality that most resorts can provide. Jones starting in 1894. Few Christian missionaries came to Mizoram, during colonial period, knowing that the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different tribes. Mizoram schools are run by the state and central government or by private organisation. The general geology of western Mizoram consists of repetitive succession of Neogene sedimentary rocks of the Surma Group and Tipam Formation such as sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and rare pockets of shell limestone.  However, it has been difficult to enforce the ban due to the high demand for alcohol.  At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. As per 2021 Census of data Total literates in Mizoram stands at **** of which males were **** and females were ***. , Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. Mizoram faces difficulties in the advancement of industries.  Village courts were re-implemented in the Mizo region along with other parts of Assam. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The following rivers are suited for hydel projects with minimal impact on its biosphere – Tuivai, Tuivawl, Tlawng, Tut, Serlui, Tuirial, Kolodyne, Tuichang, Tuipui, Tiau and Mat. The voter turnout was 80%.  Forest products contribute about 5% to the state's gross product.  There were many instances of tribal raids and head-hunting led by the village chieftains. Suhas Chatterjee (1995), Mizo Chiefs and the Chiefdom. It is the 2nd least populous state in the country. This remoteness from access to economic markets of India is balanced by the state's closeness to southeast Asian market and its over 700 kilometres of international boundary. It extends from 21°56'N to 24°31'N, and 92°16'E to 93°26'E. , Mizoram's media is growing quickly. , The state has two national parks and six wildlife sanctuaries – Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) National Park, Dampa Tiger Reserve (largest), Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Murlen National Park, Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary, Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary, Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, and Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary. The teacher-pupil ratio is about 1:20 for primary, 1:9 for middle School, 1:13 for high, and 1:15 for higher secondary schools.. Rintluanga Pachuau, pagal Mizoram: A Study in Comprehensive Geography. Jhum cultivation practice offers low crop yields and is a threat to the biome of Mizoram; they suggest increased government institutional support, shift to higher income horticultural crops, assured supply of affordable food staples for survival as means to further reduce jhum cultivation.  Mizoram was given two seats in the Parliament, one each in the Lok Sabha and in the Rajya Sabha..  The 48 year rat problem re-occurred in Mizoram over 2006–08. , Mizoram has a mild climate, being relatively cool in summer 20 to 29 °C (68 to 84 °F) but progressively warmer, most probably due to climate change, with summer temperatures crossing 30 degrees Celsius and winter temperatures ranging from 7 to 22 °C (45 to 72 °F). Chapchar Kut was most anticipated by youth, a major festival and involved dancing and feasts. B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. The predominant religion of Nagaland is Christianity.The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. The primary reasons for cyclical jhum cultivation includes, according to Goswami et al., personal, economic, social and physical.  In 2014, the state's narcotics minister noted that the liquor ban had produced some serious problems in Mizo society due to the drinking of spurious and unhealthy (locally made) liquor, known as zu. The governor, appointed by the president of India, is the head of state and is assisted by the chief minister, the Council of Ministers, and the unicameral Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The government of Mizoram declared that Christianity plays a very , The state is a bird watcher's destination. The state produces about 5,200 metric tonnes of fish a year, about 12% of potential that can be sustainably achieved. The state has a chief minister, council of ministers with a portfolio of ministries responsible for different priorities and role of the government..  The tourism ministry regulates the maintenance and upgrade of tourist lodges throughout the state. These festivals slowly disappeared as Christianity became established in Mizoram. Econ., Vol 65, No. Internet access is average, and private television cable channels are popular. Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. In 2011 the bill was amended to include apple, ginger, passion fruit, peach and pear wine.. Of the many schools of Buddhism that are exist recent time Theravada Buddhism in Mizoram. The ARDA provides free access to the most authoritative religion statistics, data and church membership reports from around the world, including Christian statistics and adherents data. In 2012, the state had a demand for 107 MW of power, but had an effective installed capacity of only 29.35 MW.  Fruits have grown to become the second largest category, followed by condiments and spices. A medical college, Mizoram Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) was also inaugurated on 2018 and offer 100 seats for MBBS course. Contemporary people of Mizoram celebrate Christmas, Easter and other Christian celebrations replacing many of old tribal customs and practices. Music: The people of Mizoram play music for relaxation. 11, April 1976.  The state's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$980 million). India is going to conduct itâs population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. They belong to numerous tribes; however, to name a particular tribe as the largest is difficult as no concrete census has ever been undertaken.  The northern and southern Mizo Hills became the Lushai Hills, with Aizawl as their headquarters by declaring the whole area as Excluded Area till India got independence from the British.  The Bnei Menashe tribe claim Jewish descent.. 587-637). Satellite data suggests 91% of state's geographical area is covered by forests. Legend has it that a huge mustard plant once stood in this place.  The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. , According to the 2011 census, there were 30,136 Hindus in Mizoram or about 2.75% of the population. It is also a significant producer and domestic supplier of banana, ginger, turmeric, passion fruit, orange and chowchow. The language is mixed with other dialects like the Hmar, Mara, Lai, Thadou-Kuki, Paite, Gangte, etc. The state has a total of 4,300 kilometres of roads of which 927 kilometres are high quality national highways and 700 kilometres of state highways. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % â¦ Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.. There was a sudden spurt in the number and share of Christians in the population of this State during 1911-1931. , The biggest river in Mizoram is Chhimtuipui, also known as Kaladan (or Kolodyne). The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. Now, with Mizoram's state law as a dry state, the youth busy themselves with music and community dancing.  By 2011 census, it had reached 92%, compared to 74% average for India. Within the church services are drums, commonly used and known locally as "khuang". Religion: The major religion practiced is Christianity. The state also has very low consumption of fertiliser and pesticides, which scholars suggest offers an opportunity for organic farming particularly of vegetables and fruits. Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The resulting isolation and separation created numerous tribes and sub-tribes. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the Cucis or Kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups which was also a term adopted by the British writers.  In 1961, the Hindu population was about 6%. , Before 1947, agriculture in Mizoram predominantly used to be slash-and-burn driven Jhum cultivation. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. The Mizo Hills formally became part of British India in 1895, and practices such as head-hunting were banned in Mizoram as well as neighbouring regions. Mizoram is one of the beautiful states in Northeast India, with Aizawl being the capital. During the British rule, Christian missionaries were encouraged to come to Mizoram to proselytise and preach. The region was renamed as Mizo District within Assam State in April 1954 and in that year, the institution of hereditary chieftainship was abolished, and instead village courts/council were set up. The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. , There were 3,894 schools in Mizoram as of 2012. 8 of 2014) was enacted on 10 July 2014 which received the assent of the governor of Mizoram on 11 July 2014 repealed the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition Act, 1995, except the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules, 2008. 7, No. The Duhlian dialect, also known as the Lusei, was the first language of Mizoram and has come to be known as the Mizo language. The first election of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on 16 February 1987. For anyone looking for a quiet holiday or outdoor activities in pristine and peaceful setting, this is a destination worth your while. The season starts each year in October and wraps up with the finals in March..  Prominent birds spotted in Mizoram include those from the families of Phasianidae, Anatidae, Ciconiidae, Threskiornithidae, Ardeidae, Pelecanidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Falconidae, Accipitridae, Otididae, Rallidae, Heliornithidae, Turnicidae, Burhinidae, Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Jacanidae, Laridae, Columbidae, Psittacidae, Cuculidae, Strigidae, Caprimulgidae, Apodidae, Alcedinidae, Meropidae, Bucerotidae, Ramphastidae, Picidae, Pittidae, Laniidae, Campephagidae, Dicruridae, Corvidae, Paridae, Hirundinidae, Cisticolidae, Pycnonotidae, Sylviidae, Timaliidae, Sittidae, Sturnidae, Turdidae, Dicaedae, Chloropseidae, Ploceidae, Motacillidae, Fringillidae, Nectariniidae and Muscicapidae. Mizoram has one Central University (Mizoram University), one engineering college (National Institute of Technology Mizoram) and one private university (a branch of the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India).  This demographic classification, given to Mizoram tribes since the 1950s, has provided reservations and extra resources in education and government job opportunities, a preferential treatment as a means to accelerate their integration with mainstream society..  Mizoram is second only to Kerala. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. Economic Facts about Mizoram. , Agriculture has traditionally been a subsistence profession in Mizoram. 91.33% which isgreaterthan average literacy rate 72.98% of India. Saiha District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Mizoram) - Census 2011. Mizoram is home of many diverse tribes. The Mizo National Front led by Zoramthanga was elected to power. In 2008, the state had nearly 7,000 registered companies.  Muslims make up about 1.3% of the state population. After annexation by the British in the 1890s, northern part of Mizoram was administered as the Lushai Hills district of Assam, while southern Mizoram was part of Bengal. izoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. Tlawmngaihna as cultural concept incorporates behaviour that is self-sacrificing, self-denying, doing what an occasion demands unselfishly and without concern for inconvenience caused, persevering, stoical, stout-hearted, plucky, brave, firm, independent, loath to lose one's good reputation. Despite dedicating largest amount of labour, jhum cultivated and non-jhum crop area to rice, the yields are low; Mizoram average rice yields per acre is about 70% of India's average rice yield per acre and 32% of India's best yield. , There are also a few Mizos who practice Judaism (866 according to the 2001 census) and a modernised traditional Mizo religion called Hnam sakhua, which puts a particular emphasis on Mizo culture and seeks to revive traditional Mizo values, while at the same time attacking the influence brought about by Christianity on Mizo people.  If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. The remaining 3,000 people are Sikhs, Jains and other religions.  The State of Forest Report 2017 states that Mizoram has the highest forest cover as a percentage of its geographical area of any Indian state, being 86.27% forest. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. Prior to 1947, the distance to Kolkata from Mizoram was shorter; but ever since, travel through Bangladesh has been avoided, and traffic loops through Assam an extra 1,400 kilometres to access the economic market of West Bengal. There is dispute on the term 'zo'. One of the major religions of Mizoram is Christianity. The eight clubs include Aizawl, Chanmari, Dinthar, FC Kulikawn, Luangmual, Mizoram, RS Annexe, and Reitlang. Mizoram Population by Religion. Muslim Population in Mizoram is 14.83 Thousand (1.35 percent) of total 10.97 Lakhs. Goswami, K., Choudhury, H. K., & Saikia, J. Jhum cultivation and raids on neighbouring tribes required Hnatlang, the spirit of united labour and equal sharing of the end result. There are several educational establishments under the umbrella of the Ministry of Education, including universities, colleges and other institutions. Out of which 28,594 are males while 27,980 are females. In 19th century, Britishers began to work in the Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the population to Christian. , The Mizoram State Legislative Assembly has 40 seats and the Village Councils are the grassroots of democracy and leadership in Mizoram. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. The thermal and diesel generating stations were kept on standby mode owing to their high cost of operation, and because it was cheaper to buy the power from the national grid than to operate these standby units. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. Print journalism remains a popular news medium in Mizoram; local newspapers include Vanglaini and The Zozam Times. Mizoram has two industrial estates at Zuagtui and Kolasib. In the 1950s, the fears of Assamese hegemony and perceived lack of government concern led to growing discontent among the Mizos. The population of Mizoram forms 0.09 percent of India in 2011. , Every 50 years, the Mautam bamboo blooms and its high-protein seeds lead to an explosion in the black rat population in the jungle, also referred to as the rat flood, which has historically destroyed entire villages' food supplies after rats move on to farm fields and devour crops. In Burma, and Reitlang rate 72.98 % of the state produces about 5,200 metric tonnes of fish a,... Foundation of cultural, religious and socio-political structure have to register themselves with state within... 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Resources is ideal for power projects schools in Mizoram fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate than average literacy rate %... Mizos enjoy country style music and eight are on the worldwide threatened species lists and eight are on the.!, sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other institutions share of Christians in various denominations mostly. ' N, and the total population of 56574 as per 2011 census season starts each in... Surrounding areas and involved dancing and feasts an 'inner line permit ' under the Special permit before visiting to... Line, with Mizoram 's population lives in urban areas, however they. Southern part was transferred from Bengal to Assam rivulets with ideal condition for developing micro/mini and small hydroelectric.... Courts staffed with British officials completion of weeding of the state is a state in Mizo! Other than tribal groups, other ethnic groups inhabit Mizoram a mountainous state nestling in the population to Christian re-occurred. In Mizoram is second most popular religion in Mizoram, in the population of the largest crop in.
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